Saturday, 17 June 2017 16:28

Website Updated!

It has been quite some time since I updated the website. I had been putting most images on facebook, but it was important to also refresh the website since I have been publishing many new works over the past months.

After completing my further studies, there was a gap in my motivation and creativity. Since the end of last year, I have however found a new energy and inspiration to push the boundaries. I have been working in many directions, starting with an evolution of the Soul Searching Series. It has been my favourite project for many years, and I am glad to have found the inspiration to give it a new lease of life.

 Some other projects were also updated with new images, including Portraits of Architecture and 7,000,000,000:1

I have added one of the exhibitions I most enjoyed working on, which was the Improvised Moves Exhibition (2015). I have included some images which were not in the exhibition itself.

Finally, I have added my latest project - the Dreamchaser Series. This is a project I have been working on for the past months. It has evolved and grown, and so have I through it. This is a project which is marking a new evolution in my work, and I look forward to see where it will take me.

Published in Latest News
Sunday, 15 January 2017 14:09

Artwork available for sale PIXELS


Some of my prints are now available for sale worldwide on Fine Art America and I will be adding more prints over time. The website will allow you to choose the print size, medium, framing, etc. The can be shipped anywhere.

To see and purchase the works, just follow this link.


Many works from other artists can be found by follwing these links:

Published in Latest News
Tuesday, 29 October 2013 09:27

Fringe Jazz Exhibition Photos

The full collection of images from the "Fringe" Jazz Photography Exhibition are now uploaded. Enjoy!

Click on one of the images above to go to the exhibition collection.


Published in Latest News

I have recently been invited to exhibit at the newly restored Palazzo de Piro in Mdina. It is a beautiful space and has a lot of cultural and personal history tied to it. The exhibition, entitled "Fringe" will feature work created during the past few years of the Malta International Jazz Festival, and will form part of the "Jazz on the Fringe" events in the run-up to this year's Jazz Festival. The exhibition launch event will be held on the 17th July, the day before the festival kicks off. It will also feature a performance by well known singer Nadine Axisa.

The Exhibition will run from the 17th July to the 29th Septeber. Further details may be found on the official Facebook event.


Fringe - Fine Art Photography Exhibition by Sergio Muscat

Published in News Archive
Thursday, 31 January 2013 10:53

Purchase Prints

Photographs are available for sale directly as open edition pigment-on-paper prints, signed and dated. The images are printed on museum-quality fine art paper or dibond to order. To submit a request for quote, please contact us, submitting a link to the image or images required and including size, framing and shipping details.

Some prints are also available for sale through and and shown below. Note that prints ordered from these sites are not signed.


Published in Site Pages
Tuesday, 05 June 2012 14:34

Knowledge, Awareness, Consciousness

The observer effect in photography

The “observer effect” is a well known term used in several fields of study, including most notably physics and psychology. The basic concept refers to changes that the act of observation will trigger on the phenomenon being observed. In order to observe a subject, some form of interaction has to occur, and that interaction, even if minimal, will affect the state of the observed in some form or another.

My view is that within the field of photography, this effect is ever present in various forms, and can be explored at various levels. The most common examples include the change in attitude within people upon the realisation that a camera is being pointed towards them. Roland Barthes refers to it as the “act of posing” in Camera Lucida - the process where the subjects transform themselves into an image of themselves in advance of being photographed.

Throughout history, photographers have been trying to exploit this effect from one end, and eliminating it from another. This is clearly visible just by analysing the two styles of street photography - some photographers will use short lenses to become part of the action and clearly make their presence noted, while others will use longer lenses in order to avoid as much as possible any interference with the event being photographed.

 A Step Further

The concept becomes even more interesting when analysed from different points of view, in different situations, and through the entire photographic process. Ansel Adams mentioned that there are three entities in each photograph - the subject, the photographer and the viewer. Each of these entities may be affected in one way or another by the act of photography. The subject may be affected by the consciousness of being photographed, or possibly even by the sheer presence of the photographer (a theory certainly worth exploring). The photographer is affected by the voyeuristic act, as is the viewer.

Any photographer will state that their attitude towards a subject changes dramatically during the act of photography. In fact, the entire perception of reality takes a different shape during that split second. Something is triggered, maybe it is the that primitive hunting instinct that is re-awakened. All the photographer cares about, at the moment reality becomes that restricted bounding box that is the viewfinder, is to capture the prey and lock them forever into the box. Or as Cartier-Bresson put it, "I'm not all that interested in the subject of photography. Once the picture is in the box, I'm not all that interested in what happens next. Hunters, after all, aren't cooks." 

This duality between photography and its primitive counterpart is all too evident even through the most basic of photographic terms - aim, shoot, capture... Photographers are on a hunt for images, and as a hunter are purely focussed on the final goal, on the best timing and placement of the shot. The observation of a potential subject - and indeed reality in its entirety - is a totally different matter when seen through the camera's viewfinder. Some photographers will state that after a while, the "shooting mode" will also start permeating into "real life" and photographers will start looking at their surroundings as though there was a camera permanently attached to their eye. "One doesn't stop seeing. One doesn't stop framing. It doesn't turn off and turn on. It's on all the time," says Annie Leibovitz. In reality the change is still marked, although it becomes foggier with time. The fact remains that the photographer, the interpretation of the subject and reality itself change through the act of observation through a viewfinder. 


The Other Side

When looking into the process of photographing conscious subjects, namely humans for the sake of this argument, the entire play of observation, self-consciousness and interaction - or the lack of it - provides a myriad of possibilities for analysis. We can compare different portraiture styles, for example, ranging from 'life captures', to carefully engineered portraits, and all the grey areas in between. It is interesting to compare, within each variety, the effect the photographer has on the subject, and eventually on the final photograph. For example, in Richard Avedon's 'the family' - a series of portraits of the rich and powerful in America - the photographer had no verbal contact with his subjects; only a very strong visual communication and the resulting enhancement of the subject's self-consciousness. The result is a total destruction of the subjects' confidence and power for those few minutes in the photographer's studio, which can be clearly observed in the final product.

After the Act

One further point of view to be considered is how the subject of a photograph changes through a viewer's observation of the photograph. The act of photography has already changed the subject through decontextualisation, however this change is only complete when interpreted by the viewer.

Viewers observing a photograph will merge the 'truth' - if there ever was one - with their limited point of view, their baggage of experience, emotions, opinions and biases - together with a knowledge of the context within which the photograph was taken and the temporal difference - into their own interpretation of the image. What a viewer sees when observing a photograph inevitably differs somewhat from what the photographer saw at the time the image was captured, and is most certainly not a reflection of the truth. Observation brings interpretation, which in turn brings change.

In the end, individuals will manipulate reality in whichever way suits them best - both consciously and unconsciously. Photographers have the luxury of manipulating the image permanently. They will inevitably add a piece of themselves to the image, capture it and present the result to viewers, who will manipulate the image transitorily and personally, through the addition of a part of their own self into the mix.

The bottom line is that the entire photographic process is affected by observation, consciousness and self-consciousness. In the end, it is difficult to understand whether there is any truth left - although that is also dependent on one's definition of absolute truth, and whether such thing exists at all. 


Published in Latest News